Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding, or simply Chengdu Panda Base, is a non-profit research and breeding facility for giant pandas and other rare animals. It is located in Chengdu, Sichuan, China. Chengdu Panda Base was founded in 1987. In the 1980’s, the Giant Panda Base was founded and has only 6 giant pandas, which was in poor health condition. But with the effort of all the staff, the numbers of giant panda has now reached over 215 through breeding. This research center features giant panda breeding and education on giant panda protection. It is also a popular tourist spot.
The Base has bred the largest population of captive giant pandas across the globe from the six sick and starving giant pandas left by the rescue in the 1980s. Without capturing a single giant panda from the wild, the Base has relied on technological innovation, bringing the population up to 215 as of the end of 2020, featuring good genetic quality, individual health, and behavioral health.
Over the past three decades, the Base, through innovative research work, has addressed key technical problems in feeding and management, reproduction and cub rearing, disease prevention and control, and population genetic management of captive giant pandas, broken through a raft of technical bottlenecks, and constituted many original scientific research achievements. Add to this a mix of honor, including 72 scientific research achievements at all levels, 400 or more papers published in international and domestic well-known journals, and 30 national patents granted. No other institutes at home and abroad can rival the Base’s capabilities in scientific research, technological achievements, and application and promotion of giant panda ex-situ conservation. The Base won the honor “National Advanced Collective of Technical Talent” in September 2014.
The Base, adhering to the guiding principle of equal emphasis on scientific research and tourism, created a sustainable development model of production, study, research, and tourism. The Base simulated the ecological environment of giant pandas in the wild by creating a garden, with the nursery house, feeding area, research center, and panda hospital in orderly distribution. Several luxury panda “villas” are tucked into the mountains and forests. Giant pandas of different ages grow up and thrive here, and the elder and the young live together in harmony and enjoy themselves well. In 1998, it was rated by the World Tourism Organization (WTO) as another legendary world on par with the World Natural Heritage site – Jiuzhaigou and was accredited with a national AAAA tourist attraction in 2006. It received over 9 million visitors from home and abroad in 2019.
Adhering to the guiding principles of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, acting on the important instructions of General Secretary Xi during his inspection tour in Sichuan, and strengthening the core carrier of Chengdu’s giant panda research, conservation, and culture, the CPC Chengdu Municipal Committee and Chengdu Municipal People’s Government, with the giant panda conservation as the core and the construction of a global conservation model, a window on ecological civilization, and a star of park city as the goal, center around scientific research, public education, international exchange, tourism and leisure, culture and creativity, and outdoor sports among other functions, and combine the ecological and cultural values of giant pandas and the construction of a beautiful and livable park city in Chengdu. The ‘Capital of the Panda’ project is planned and launched with a total planning area of about 69 km2, including the Beihu Area, Dujiangyan Area and Longquan Mountains Area in Chengdu. In 2019 the first meeting of planning committee of Chengdu considered and adopted the masterplan and conceptual planning scheme. Among them, the Beihu Area – Panda Base Renovation and Expansion Project was implemented first as a key project for the common good, and the first phase of construction has started in the third quarter of 2019, striving to be completed and opened before the Chengdu 2021 FISU World University Games.