Beijing is renowned for its opulent palaces, temples, parks, gardens, tombs, walls, and gates. It has seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites—the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, Ming Tombs, Zhoukoudian, and parts of the Great Wall and the Grand Canal.
Why do people call Beijing ‘Peking’? Peking is a transliteration of the Cantonese name of Beijing and was how the name of the city was commonly written in English.
Beijing is the political headquarters and cultural center of China. The city has been an integral part of China’s history over the past eight centuries, and nearly every major building in Beijing has at least some national historical significance. Beijing represents, better than any other existing city, the heritage of Chinese architectural achievement. During each dynasty in which the city was the capital, care was consistently taken to preserve tradition when it was rebuilt or remodeled. Few cities in the world can thus rival Beijing in the regularity and harmony of its city plan.
In October 2013, three metros of India found Sister Cities in China — the pairs were Delhi-Beijing, Bengaluru-Chengdu, and Kolkata-Kunming.
The Flag Raising Ceremony is a traditional military ceremony of the People’s Liberation Army of China which is done publicly on Tiananmen Square in the capital of Beijing. The ceremony is conducted by the PLA’s Beijing Garrison Honor Guard Battalion, which is part of the 1st Guard Division, Central Theater Command. It is done daily precisely at sunrise everyday.The impressive expanse of Tian’anmen Square has hosted momentous events like the declaration of the People’s Republic of China by Chairman Mao in 1949 and is surrounded by a host of world-class sights, from the Forbidden City to China’s National Museum. Tian’anmen Square, is named after the Tian’anmen gate to its north, separating it from the Forbidden City. The gate’s literal name ‘Heaven Peace Gate’ (天安门 Tiān’ānmén) is usually translated as “Gate of Heavenly Peace”.Tian’anmen Square has great cultural significance as it has been the site of several important events in Chinese history.